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Backhoes Labeled

1. Makes and Models 

Equipment TypeMakeModelNumber of Available UnitsLink
BackhoeCASE580 M 27Spec Sheet 580 M
BackhoeCASE580 M SUPER M 3Spec Sheet 580 M SuperM
BackhoeCASE580 N 8Spec Sheet 580 N
BackhoeCASE580 SUPER N 17Spec Sheet 580 SuperN
BackhoeJOHN DEERE310 J 10Spec Sheet 310 J
BackhoeJOHN DEERE410 J 3Spec Sheet 410 J
BackhoeJOHN DEERE310 SL 22Spec Sheet 310 SL
BackhoeCATERPILLAR420 E 10Spec Sheet 420 E
BackhoeCATERPILLAR420 F 9Spec Sheet 420 F
BackhoeCATERPILLAR420 F2 5Spec Sheet 420 F2
BackhoeVOLVOBL70B 19Spec Sheet BL70B
TotalTotal 133

2. What Are They

Backhoe Excavator

Tractor-mounted combination of a backhoe excavator for digging at or below grade and a loader to remove loose soil or backfilling. They can be wheel-based (two- or four-wheel drive) or track-based vehicles. They can be fitted with various buckets and attachments for versatility, such as a hydraulic breaker (hoe-ram), compactor, and cold planer. They also have outriggers that can be extended for the vehicle’s safety and stability when using the backhoe’s hydraulic arms.

The excavation arm typically has a swing radius of 200° horizontally. The boom, stick, and bucket can be retracted and extended through a series of hydraulic cylinders. Backhoe engines can be gas or diesel fuel-powered.

The backhoe’s dual-use nature allows the operator’s cab to swing backward and forward, depending on whether the excavator or loader is in use.

In a typical backhoe, the front control panel contains the instruments for maneuvering the machine and operating the loader. The side control panel includes the tools for operating the excavator. Some models have a vandal cover to protect the side panel from unauthorized use.

3. Common Uses

The primary services of a backhoe include:

      • Digging and clearing of narrow ditches
      • Excavating areas too small for other equipment
      • Light-duty hoisting
      • Loading haulers

4. Types of Jobs

Backhoes can work on large and small sites, and they can be used on the following projects:

      • All construction sites
        • Excavation
        • Trenching
        • Bridge
        • Road
      • Utility installation and relocation
      • Ditching
      • Shore dredging

5. Safety

Before U Dig (BUD)/811:

      • Prior to any excavation activities, supervisor should call BUD (1-800-752-6007).
      • A dig ticket also must be approved for any work performed by excavating equipment.

Safety of the operator:

      • Operators should wear appropriate clothing and follow the necessary safety procedures that apply to all occasions.
      • The operator’s PPE should include standard eye protection, work gloves, proper footwear, hearing protection, and hard hats.
      • Equipment should be mounted carefully, and the steps and cab interior should be kept clean.
      • Extreme caution should be applied around overhead power lines and underground utilities.

Safety of others:

      • Always keep others in sight and away from the equipment.
      • Establish a safe work zone.
      • Never allow riders on the equipment.

Equipment Safety:

      • Perform prestart inspection and lubrication daily.
      • Make sure equipment is performing correctly.
      • Check for obstacles and hazards in the area.
      • Obey rules about parking and operating on inclines.

Know the equipment and its limitations.

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