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1. What It Is

Rejuvenators are a diluted maltene-based emulsion sprayed onto a pavement surface by a computerized distributor truck to delay and reverse oxidation, reduce raveling, waterproof the asphalt surface and protect it from UV aging, seal micro cracks before they can widen, and prevent moisture from infiltrating the pavement structure. The application rate is typically 0.04 – 0.10 gal/yd2. Rejuvenators restore asphalt components lost in the aging process and is designed to penetrate, flux, and co-mingle with the existing asphalt binder. Rejuvenators should be applied by experienced personnel, and manufacturer recommendations must be followed.

Microsurfacing requires a special machine with an attached spreader box that has a double strike-off blade design. The microsurfacing unit is truck-mounted or self-propelled. A special rut box is used to fill ruts > 0.5 inches deep.

The two types of microsurfacing are classified based on maximum aggregate size:

  • Type II microsurfacing employs . It is used to fill surface voids, address surface distresses, seal, and provide a durable wearing surface for airports and city streets.
  • Type III microsurfacing uses a larger average aggregate size, provides maximum skid resistance and an improved wearing surface, and is used for heavily traveled highways, collectors, and interstates as well as rut filling. It can also be used on highly textured surfaces requiring larger size aggregate to fill voids.

2. Where and When It is Used

Use microsurfacing on flexible or rigid pavements in good structural condition with low- to medium-severity surface distresses (e.g., cracking, raveling). Cracks > 0.25 inches should be sealed prior to microsurfacing. Microsurfacing is effective on very high-volume roadways where the resumption of traffic needs to happen quickly. It has been used successfully in many settings, including airports, parking lots, residential streets, city streets, and interstates.

3. Advantages

  • High-quality materials, strict specifications, and performance-based design procedures yield a high-performance surface that corrects minor surface profile irregularities and fills ruts.
  • Cures quickly and lasts longer than some other surface treatments (e.g. slurry seals)
  • Can be constructed at night (or during cooler temperatures).
  • Protects pavement structures from moisture and the surface from further deterioration.
  • A cost-effective alternative to hot mix asphalt overlays for preserving concrete or asphalt pavements.

4. Disadvantages

  • Requires special equipment that is heavier than a slurry machine.
  • More expensive than slurry or chip seal treatments.

5. Estimated Life Extension

Pavement ConditionMicrosurfacing Longevity
Good6 – 8 years
Fair5 – 7 years
Poor2 – 5 years

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